The treatment/management of dark spots, uneven skin tone, hyperpigmentation on the face is complex, challenging and influenced by various internal and external factors

What is Hyperpigmentation or “Pigmentation”?

Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition, where some areas or patches of skin turn darker in colour. It is usually a harmless condition and it manifests when there is more that usual production of the pigment or melanin in some areas of the skin.

Common terms used for this condition include: uneven skin tone, dark spots, blemishes,dark marks

This condition can affect people of all skin types and can be seen in various forms.

Freckles/Ephelides

Freckles are usually a hereditary form of hyperpigmentation. Some people are born with freckles while others develop them as they age and have been exposed to the sun. Though freckles are often thought of as attractive and cute there are people who wish to have them removed or reduced.

Sun Spots/Solar Lentogines

Sun spots usually occur as a result of sun/UV exposure and damage to the skin. They present as small, dark spots somewhat of an irregular, circular shape. They are generally found on the hands and face, but any area exposed to the sun, can be affected.

Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation(PIH)

This form of hyperpigmentation can arise due to injury or trauma to the skin with resulting inflammation of the skin. This inflammation can occur as a result of physical or chemical injury to the skin. These include some aesthetic procedures. Moderate to severe forms of acne also induce PIH in the skin. Skin of colour/darker Fitzpatrick skin types III to V are prone to this.

Melasma/Chloasma

Melasma is characterised by large brown patches that appear more commonly in adults of reproductive age. The distribution on face is usually on the sides of the face, the cheeks, bridge of nose, forehead, and upper lip. Exposure to UV Rays do aggravate this form of hyperpigmentation.

Skincare products that target hyperpigmentation should have a combination of active ingredients that work on different aspects of hyperpigmentation development. This includes the inhibition of  the tyrosinase enzyme, transfer of pigment into surrounding upper layers of skin, removal of dead skin cell buildup and the UV triggered pathway.

Broad spectrum sunscreens that block both UVA and UVB rays are essential in the daily management of hyperpigmentation. Infrared radiation and heat can also aggravate hyperpigmentation.

We recommend the PigmentoB Cleanser, Cream and Booster serum for all forms of hyperpigmentation. The PigmentoB Booster serum contains Niacinamide and Tranexamic Acid(works on the sun-induced prostaglandin pathway leading to/aggravating hyperpigmentation).

Some aesthetic treatments done at skin clinics or medical practices can prove to be helpful with the aid of our PigmentoB Range for homecare maintenance pre and post such treatments, done. However, be careful with treatments that may induce PIH.

What do we recommend as the best treatment for dark spot on face ?

We recommend the PigmentoB SET as an easy simple system along with the PigmentoB Booster Serum to maintain skin prone to dark spots or uneven skin tone. A unique two product system that improves the appearance of uneven toned and ageing skin. Results are accumulative over time. Can be used for all skin types and manages skin prone to dark marks. Can be used to maintain a healthy skin long-term even if you do not have existing dark marks/hyperpigmentation.